Historiographical Bias and the Memory of Raziya Sultan (Part 1)


This study presents an overview of the historiographical records of Raziya Sultan, a Muslim sovereign in South Asia who ruled from 1236 to 1240. As a Muslim woman ruler, who possessed considerable agency and visibility in the public sphere and who seemed accessible to people outside of her own elite class, the historical memory of Raziya’s rule operates at multiple socio-political levels simultaneously. The narrative of her rule in the historiographical records ┬áis worthy of review because it transcends and subverts the public/private , male/female , elite/subaltern or master/slave binaries that were projected as normative in the later formative discourse of the fourteenth and fifteenth century Persian historical narratives (tawarikh). Continue reading